The biological system to be impacted is overloaded, according to a basic concept of training. The training stimulus or stress is higher than what the individual is used to. Otherwise, there is no reason for the body to adapt and compel the adaptation process to occur. Adaptation refers to the functional changes that have occurred in the skeletal muscles and other tissues as a result of exercise. The exercise stimulus activates intracellular responses by activating signal transduction mechanisms at the molecular level. After a single bout of exercise, mRNA for many metabolic genes is abruptly increased, carrying the genetic information contained in DNA to make proteins. Recovery from the session-inducing overload is accompanied by changes in ultrastructure -Soccer Training.
The training stimulus more easily tolerated as physiological adaptation occurs. To enhance fitness even further, the exercise stimulus increased to a new level in order to refresh the overload principle. As a result, it evident that training is gradual and follows a spiral of overload – exhaustion – recovery – adaptation. Overtraining can happen if the training progresses too rapidly. This is a situation in which performance deteriorates rather than improves. It can bring on by overtraining at any time.
In soccer, how important is the right sort of endurance training?
A player’s aerobic capacity determines how much ground they cover during a regular game. In addition, increased endurance boosts the number of sprints performed in a game. A 20 percent increase in total distance covered during competitive match play achieved by improving the VO2max of youth soccer players by 11 percent over an 8-week period, along with a 23 percent increase in ball involvements and a 100 percent increase in the number of sprints performed by each player.
Soccer fitness and conditioning are vital in today’s game (at any level). Few sports played on such a vast field, for as long as they are, and with no scheduled break times. During a game, players travel 8-12 km, with 24 percent walking, 36 percent jogging, 20 percent coursing, 11 percent sprinting, 7 percent going backward, and 2% moving when in control of the ball. Soccer players have high endurance, with elite players’ VO2max ranging between 55 and 70 ml/kg/min. The game played at an average heart rate of 80-90 percent of maximal heart rate, which is close to the lactate threshold.
When Training Goes From Beneficial to Harmful?
If strenuous activity performed too early in the training process. The athlete may not be able to cope and may become injured. As a result, rather than improving, he or she regresses. If there is inadequate time for recuperation between intense training sessions, even a well-trained athlete. It overwhelmed to the point of damage. The ability to receive the proper training stimulus at the right moment is crucial to effective training.
Is there any other kind of conditioning?
Strength training is becoming a big part of soccer. Lifting weights in the typical “3 sets of 10 repetitions” manner, on the other hand. It is not an efficient method to spend training time. Soccer needs a combination of explosive strength and physical endurance. Although some players may benefit from increasing their lean mass. They should also concentrate on turning a large portion of their strength into soccer-specific power. Soccer strength training also aids in the correction of muscular imbalances. Soccer players, in particular, are prone to having too powerful quadriceps in comparison to their hamstrings. Which addressed and avoided with a well-designed strength program.